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Charlie Andreasson

Human Right Defender

I VÄNTAN PÅ ATT JAG ÅTERIGEN ÄR AKTIV MED ATT RÄDDA FLYENDE MÄNNISKOR PÅ MEDELHAVET KOMMER JAG ATT LÄGGA UPP LÄNKAR TILL ARTIKLAR OM VAD SOM SKER I ÄMNET. VAD SOM BEHÖVER KOMMA TILL ALLMÄNHETENS KÄNNEDOM ÄR DELS ATT MÄNNISKOR FORTFARANDE FÖRSÖKER KROSSA HAVET I SIN FLYKT UNDAN KRIG, TERROR, GLOBALA ORÄTTVISOR OCH ÖVERGREPP PÅ DE MÄNSKLIGA RÄTTIGHETERNA.

22/3-19

Artiklar:

 

Following Tuesday’s shipwreck:

-        Dozens of migrants missing after boat capsizes off Libya, AP

About the people rescued by the Mare Jonio:

-        Migrants saved by rescue vessel report violence in Libya, Infomigrants

“One of the migrants saved by the Mare Jonio rescue ship had previously crossed the Strait of Sicily and was sent back to Libya five times. The man's body has marks of torture on it, allegedly suffered in Libyan detention centers. Many of those onboard the ship tell similar stories of violence and torture.”

 

Extramaterial:

-        UN: Horrors Await Migrants in Libyan Detention Centers, VOA

« U.N. Assistant Secretary-General for Human Rights Andrew Gilmour is calling for an end to restrictions that prohibit nonprofit groups from rescuing the migrants at sea. He also urges the European Union to end its support of the Libyan Coast Guard.”

-        UN Rights Council Should Establish Libya Mechanism, HRW

-        'Someone has to pay': Italy reeling after school bus hijack, The Local

-        Roger, Ivorian migrant in Libya: "I helped, alone, in the dark, my wife to give birth", Infomigrants (Fr)
-         The dead tell more than the living: identifying the victims of shipwrecks in the Mediterranean, Infomigrants (Fr)

-        Brest: A simulator unique in Europe helps to train rescue at sea, 20 minutes (Fr)

21/3-19

Räddningsorganisationer samt deras fartyg:

 

MSF released a report today on “Alarming rates of malnutrition and inhumane conditions in Tripoli detention centre”. The report, states the rates of malnutrition in the Sabaa detention centre in Libya where MSF did an assessment. MSF calls on Libyan authorities and international community to urgently address the inhumane and dangerous conditions in Libyan detention centres. “The fact that Europe, too, is contributing to this suffering through policies that enable people rescued at sea to be forcibly returned to inhumane detention conditions in Libya is utterly unconscionable” said Karline Kleijer – MSF’s head of emergencies.

Alan Kurdi ship by SAR NGO Sea-Eye has announced its departure today from the port of Palma de Mallorca to the SAR region in the central Mediterranean Sea.

Artiklar:

20/3-19

Räddningsorganisationer samt deras fartyg:

Last night Mare Jonio ship of Italian SAR NGO Mediterranea disembarked in the port of Lampedusa 48 (1 was medically evacuated before) rescued people. The prosecution of Agrigento opened an investigation against the ship and the ship has now seized. Today the captain and crew of Mare Jonio ship went through interrogations for the aforementioned allegations. The NGO said that they acted in all legality and that they will appeal to the decision of the seizure. For the moment the investigations from the prosecutions of Agrigento are against the captain of Mare Jonio ship, Pietro Marrone, for the allegations of favoring illegal migration.

Today, the Italian Senate voted on Minister’s of Interior “Diciotti” case on whether to confirm his parliamentary immunity or not and thus proceed with a legal prosecution against him with accuses of “withholding individuals’ freedom” when he prohibited the disembarkation of 177 rescued people from the Italian military ship Diciotti in August 2018. The senate voted against the continuation of prosecution of Salvini.

 

Artiklar:

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19/3-19

Räddningsorganisationer samt deras fartyg:

- Yesterday evening, Mare Jonio ship from Mediterranea mission, rescued 49 people from a boat in distress in the central Mediterranean SAR zone. The rescue was not coordinated by the Italian MRCC but they were notified, according to Mediterranea. They asked for a place of safety to disembark the 49 rescued people, but had no answer. Concurrently the ship started sailing towards Lampedusa due to bad weather conditions so to get shelter from bad weather. The Lampedusa port authority told them to stop the engines and not to enter Italian territorial waters. Nonetheless, the captain of Mare Jonio entered Italian territorial waters saying that “the passengers’ lives were at risk” facing 3m high waves and 7knots. Then the port authority indicated them a stand-by point 1 mile from the islands port.
They have still not been assigned a place of safety to disembark the rescued people. We are monitoring for developments. 

- The Italian Minister of Interior, Matteo Salvini, released a directive yesterday evening, addressed to heads of law enforcement agencies and port authorities /military navy. The directive asks the addressed authorities to “prevent the illegal entry of immigrants on national territory in order to protect the order and public security of the Italian State”.
The decree in brief says that this would conflict with national security and national migration laws: bringing irregular migration into European and national territory creates a risk to public order and national security.
Then it refers to the specific rescue by Mare Jonio ship of Mediterranea mission yesterday, saying that it conducted a rescue without the coordination of the Italian MRCC thus, when they asked for a place of safety, Italy was not obliged to assign one, also because the rescue was done in a place of no competency of Italy (“Libyan SAR zone”).
Nonetheless, “the captain directed the ship towards the Italian coast” while being aware of all the aforementioned. Amongst other things the directive concludes that this rescue had as an objective to transfer irregular migrants to Italian territory and that “the passage of the rescue ship in Italian territorial waters is harming for the good public order and security of the Italian state, due to the aim of introducing irregular migrants and so violating immigration laws”. It also says that this is not “an occasional instance, but a “modus operandi” since 2016, that concretely favours illegal entrance of migrants in European territory”.
Tweet from Amnesty International researcher Matteo de Bellis on first thoughts in regard with the directive.

- According to Libyan sources reported by MSF and also by Alarm phone, a boat carrying at least 44 people has sunk off the coast of Sabratha-Libya. According to IOM Libya 15 people were rushed to the hospital but there is still no estimate on how many migrants were on board.   A body of a baby was found according to the Libian navy’s spokesperson.

 

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18/3-19

Situationen för räddningsorganisationer samt deras fartyg:

Mare Jonio ship of Mediterranea left the port of Palermo (Sicily) on Saturday and is directed to the search and rescue zone of the central Mediterranean.

Today, SAR NGOs finalists of the Sakharov prize, including representatives of SOS MEDITERRANEE, participated in a discussion about their work to the MEPs of the Civil Liberties Committee and Human Rights Subcommittee , in the EU Parliament in Brussels. Closing of European ports and temporary relocation mechanisms, SAR operations and political implications of criminalizing NGOs as well as solidarity cities and civil society support are the main topics that were discussed.

Italian prosecutor of minors in Catania, Caterina Ajello, had repeatedly asked the ministry of Interior and the ministry of infrastructure in regard with her concerns on the delay of the disembarkation of the 15 minors that were rescued by Sea-Watch 3 in January and only allowed them to disembark 2 weeks later. This fact adds to the ongoing investigation by 2 prosecutions against the Italian government on the delay of disembarkation and change of place of safety, in the Sea Watch case, January 2019.  

 

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Extramaterial:

15/3-19

 
 
Situationen för räddningsorganisationer och deras fartyg:
 
 Open Arms – I Barcelona utan tillstånd att få lämna kaj 
 
Alan Kurdi - Tillbaka i Palma de Mallorca för tillfället 
 
Sea-Watch 3 – I Marseille för att komma tillrätta med tekniska problem 
 
Aita Mari – Santander 
 
Lifeline - Satta i blockad på Malta 
 
Mare Jonio – I Palermo för arbete med fartyget
 
Detta betyder att det för tillfället inte finns några räddningsfartyg från frivilligorganisationer i området.

 

According to Spanish rights activist, Helena Maleno, 45 people were reported dead in the Alboran sea in the Western Mediterranean Sea between Morocco and Spain. According to Moroccan authorities 21 people were rescued by the Morocco Royal Marines from the same shipwreck, 1 body was recovered but the were unaware of the total number of dead. Apparently the boat went missing yesterday and it finally capsized.

 

Artiklar:

Extramaterial:

14/3-19

Search and rescue aircraft Moonbird of Sea Watch has terminated maintenance work and it’s on its way to the SAR zone in the central Mediterranean, “to spot distress cases in time and to document human rights violations”

Italian Minister of Interior, Matteo Salvini, made a pledge yesterday in response to interrogations in Parliament that asked to suspend agreements with Libya. The pledges consisted of putting all possible efforts to ensure that human rights are respected in centres for migrants in Libya managed by the government and with humanitarian aid organisations working inside them. Amongst other comments he also said that “Italy is working to ensure that Libya fully respects human rights” and that “is supporting programs for voluntary repatriation”.

Human Rights Watch France’s Director, Bénédicte Jeannerod issued an article today about the “exposure of France’s cynical and callous attitude on migration” in regard to the government gifting 6 boats to the Libyan coast guard. The article talks about the initiation of the material provision and technical support to the Libyan Coast Guard (LCG) by Italy and that is now being followed by France. It accuses this act as “deeply hypocritical” by French President Macron who during different occasions he publicly condemned the abuse of migrants in Libya as “crimes against humanity”.

 

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13/3-19

A team from UNHCR in Libya accompanied the Dutch Minister of Migration and a delegation from The Netherlands, to Tripoli’s naval base where according to their statement “Most refugees and migrant are disembarked by Libyan Coast Guards”. Officials explained their work and life-saving activities humanitarians do at disembarkation points.

According to the spokesperson of IOM in Libya 23 people were returned to Libya after having spent 6 days at sea. The same spokesperson state in a tweet “The question on why it took so long to rescue them remains.” Doctors are providing urgent medical assistance to the people.

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11/3-19

A file has been open by 2 prosecutions on the Sea Watch case in Sicily, regarding the initial stop of disembarkation of rescued people in the port of Siracusa and their final transfer/disembarkation in the port of Catania last month. According to the law the 15 unaccompanied minors had to be disembarked immediately once the ship of Sea Watch 3 arrived in Italy.
The file has now been transferred from the prosecutor of Siracusa to the one of Catania (Carmelo Zuccaro) where the investigations will continue on how the facts evolved during the change of port of disembarkation. According to the prosecutor of Siracusa, the prefect and port authority of Siracusa got orders from Rome to proceed with disembarkation in Catania.
At first, when the official documents were requested by Sea Watch legal representatives , both government and the ministry of infrastructure denied them stating that they were retained “top-secret” state documents.

 

Artiklar:

Extramaterial:

Info Migrants: If you want good migration policies, ask the migrants

8/3-19

Läget för räddningsorganisationer och deras fartyg:
 
Open Arms – Befinner sig i Barcelona utan tillstånd att få lämna kaj 
 
Alan Kurdi - Tillbaka i Palma de Mallorca efter att ha sökt av en del av havet i dåligt väder under flera dagar utan att finna något 
 
Sea-Watch 3 – I Marseille för arbete 
 
Aita Mari – Befinner sig i San Sebastian utan tillstånd att få lämna kaj 
 
Lifeline - Hålls i blockad på Malta 
 
Mare Jonio – I Palermo för arbete 

Artiklar:

Extramaterial:

6/3-19

An Armed Forces of Malta (AFM) patrol boat, rescued 87 people off the Italian island of Lampedusa last night, and brought them to Malta this morning. The AMF was informed by Rome’s MRCC, after an Italian naval asset operating under Frontex was dispatched but could not provide any assistance due to technical faults.

EU Commissioner on Migration, Dimitris Avramopoulos, said today that lessons should be drawn from the ad hoc solutions of disembarkation of rescued migrants in the summer of 2018 and the latest rescues in January 2019. The EU commissioner also added that the EU member states’ ministers of Interior will meet in Brussels tomorrow and upon other topics will discuss the topic of a temporary system of managing disembarkation of migrants

Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International published a letter today to Carmen Daniela Dan, Minister of Internal Affairs – Presidency of the Council of the European Union – with a 20 steps recommendations for a “Plan of Action: Twenty steps for a fair and predictable rescue system in the Mediterranean Sea”. The action plan proposes collective and workable solutions to save human lives and set up a fair system to share responsibility for examining and processing claims of people seeking protection disembarked in European ports.

According to Mediterranea mission, their ship Mare Jonio that is currently in Palermo Sicily, will be ready to depart for the central Mediterranean Search & Rescue area on March 13. The departure will be following 2 last planned inspections from the port authorities.

Alan Kurdi ship of Sea-Eye arrived in Palma de Mallorca port, following 20 days at sea in the central Mediterranean SAR area and not being able to do a single rescue due to stormy weather, according to Germany’s Green party MP Berivan Aymaz.

 

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Extramaterial:

5/3-19

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Extramaterial:

4/3-19

On Sunday , dozens of migrants scrambled aboard a docked cross-Channel ferry in Calais (France), breaking into a highly protected area using ladders to climb on the ship. People were trying to get to the UK before the 29 March when Britain is set to leave the EU. Dozens were detained by the French police, while 12 of them are due to appear in court.

 

Saturday’s anti-racist and anti-right wing government protest in Milan exceeded 250,000 participants, including more than 1000 NGOs, networks, municipalities and civil society organisations. Demonstrators marched under the slogan "People First", with organisers issuing a mission statement saying diversity is a cultural treasure. "We want Italy and Europe to change their policies, to put people at the centre with their difficulties," one man told Italian broadcaster Rai TV. Search and Rescue NGOs also participated.
Euronews: Video extract

 

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Extramaterial:

1/3-19

Tomorrow, March 2, 2019, a big citizens’ mobilisation will take place in Milan at 14h00 with the slogan “People - Humans first”. This national antiracist protest/march is against any kind of discrimination and against the governments “Italians first” policies. It is already counting more than 1,000 associations participating with an open call from the mayor of Milano, Giuseppe Sala and a full participation of the council of Milan amongst others. The people joining the march are expected to be tens of thousands.

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Extramaterial:

28/2-19

News outlet “Politico EU” published an article today in which it states that internal documents and reports from the European External Action Service (EEAS) on the European Sophia Operation in the central Mediterranean Sea, were leaked. These “leaked” documents refer to amongst others “leadership of the operation requesting to stop search and rescue activities to focus more on the anti-trafficking/smuggling mandate of the operation”, officials acknowledging internally that some members of the Libyan coast guard that the EU funds, equips and trains are collaborating with smuggling networks.", admitting that the operation was limited by its own mandate and showing that the EU is aware that many of these policies have made the sea crossing more dangerous for migrants but nonetheless chose to continue to pursue those strategies.

 

While this article with the links to the leaked reports has been broadly shared by different human rights organisations, it is important to remain careful regarding the validity and veracity of these leaked documents until further verifications.

 

Artiklar:

Extramaterial:

The Guardian: More than half of 2.6bln dollars aid to Yemen pledged by countries involved in war

27/2-19

Sea-Watch 3 har nu anlänt till Marseille för ett planerat varvsbesök. Frågan är dock om det kommer att beveka myndigheterna i Nederländerna som fortfarande inte tillåter dem att utföra räddningsoperationer i centrala Medelhavet.

Mer Nederländerna. Våra kollegor ombord på Golfo Azzurro kommer att kasta loss för att åter segla till Medelhavet. Förberedelser håller i detta nu på i Stellendam, Nederländerna. Datum är ännu inte satt.

 

Artiklar:

 

Extramaterial:

26/2-19

A new video report was published by Channel 4 yesterday, shading light to new evidence of torture and shocking conditions of people held in Libya. A pool of English lawyers as well as Amnesty international are interviewed in this video stating that they are collecting testimonies from people that arrived in Europe on torture-ransom tactics used by smugglers in Libya. Sally Hayden, Irish journalist, reports in the video with material sent to her by migrants held in these conditions in Libya. In the video report, Portuguese MEP, criticizes the cinisism and complicity of the EU of stating they want to save lives in Libya while their funding the Libyan Coast Guard to return people in these conditions.
Warning: Very graphic images in the video. Tweet by SOS MEDITERRANEE.

 

According to an ANSA (Italian National News Agency) article reported by Info Migrants, Italy announced sending a further 4 patrol boats to the Libyan Coast Guard in addition to the ones previously delivered, in an effort to strengthen collaboration in fighting illegal migration. Interestingly, the article states that 45 million euros are available for interventions – 10 million from EU and 35 million from the Visegrad group countries (Poland, Hungary, Czech Republic and Slovakia). The plans provide for Libyan authorities responsible for the borders, including the ones managing SAR operations.

 

Today, Adrià Budry Carbóm journalist that was on board the Aquarius with SOS MEDITERRANEE, received the ACANU prize in Geneva for his reportage in Le Temps (Switzerland) with photographer Camille Pagella on the Aquarius published on the 25 th of March 2018. More info on ACANU: Association of Accredited Correspondents at the United Nations.

 

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22/2-19

Läget för räddningsorganisationer och deras fartyg

Open Arms - Fast i Barcelona utan tillstånd att få lämna

Alan Kurdi (Sea-Eye) - Enda fartyg i SAR-zon

Sea-Watch 3 - Har fått tillstånd att lämna Catania för att segla till Marseille för att komma tillrätta med det som behövs åtgärdas efter inspektioner av italienska och nederländska myndigheter

Aita Mari - Fast i San Sebastian utan tillstånd att få lämna

Lifeline -  fast på Malta/satt i blockad

Mare Jonia - I Palermo för arbete (?)

Frankrike kommer att skänka sex RHIB-båtar till den libyska kustbevakningen med början från maj. Detta har orsakat protester från flera franska människorättsorganisationer. Anledningen är att RHIB-båtarna kommer att användas till att föra tillbaka människor till de libyska lägren med våldtäckter, slaveri och tortyr, samma förhållanden som dessa EU-ledare har fördömt.

Artiklar

 

Extramaterial:

Studi sulle questione criminale (Italian): “Mediterranean becomes a grave and dessert. But the civil society does not abandon the humanity route”, by Alessandra Sciurba (University of Palermo)

21/2-19

De 41 migranter som hölls kvar ombord det italienska krigsfartyget Diciotti under fem dagar fast det hade angjort hamn, efter ett beslut av italiens vice premiärminister Matteo Salvini och premiärminister Conte har nu via begärt skadestånd. En advokatbyrå har tagit saken till domstol för de 41 migranternas räkning.

Enligt Läkare utan Gränser, MSF, har en båt eller gummiflotte i nöd under ett och ett halv dygn i det centrala Medelhavet tvingats tillbaka till Khoms i Libyen. Ombord fanns 116 personer varav 21 kvinnor, 6 barn, en gravid kvinna samt ett 6 månder gammalt barn.

Sea-Eyes fartyg Alan Kurdi nådde idag fram till räddningszonen utanför Libyens territorialvatten. I ett pressmeddelande hävdar de att de hört en radiokomunikation angående en båt i nöd av den tunisiska kustbevakningen men trots att de erbjöd assistans fick de aldrig något svar från tunisierna.

Artiklar

 

Extramaterial:

Ahram Online: The Arab world and irregular migration

19/2-19

Sea-Eye med sitt skepp Alan Kurdi, förövrigt den organisation och det skepp jag var med och färdigställde för sjöräddningsuppdrag i Rostock, har lämnat Mallorca och stävar nu mot zonen utanför Libyens territorialvattengräns där de flesta sjöräddningar sker. Det innebär att där äntligen finns en räddningsstyrka på plats igen efter flera veckors frånvaro. Italiens vice premiärminister Matteo Salvini har dock redan gått ut med att fartyget inte kommer att tillåtas in i italiensk hamn.

Sea-Watch med sitt fartyg Sea-Watch 3 är nu inne på sin 16:e dag i Catania efter att dess flaggstat Nederländerna förvägrat fartyget att lämna kaj efter den inspektion de nederländska myndigheterna utförde på fartyget den 11:e och 12:e februari.

Open Arms och Aita Mari är fortfarande fast i Spanien efter ett beslut av den spanska regeringen och varit så i en månad nu.

 

Artiklar

Extramaterial:

 

18/2-19

Today, the Italian 5-Star Movement party will vote internally, on giving the authorization to proceed to the minister’s court prosecution of Matteo Salvini in regard with the Diciotti case, where the Italian minister of interior has been accused of people kidnapping and other violations while halting the disembarkation of rescued people for more than 10 days in August 2018.  

Artiklar

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15/2-19

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